About us

Founded in 2005, the European Society of Radiology (ESR) is a non-profit, apolitical organisation.

The ESR promotes and coordinates the scientific, intellectual, and professional actions of radiology in Europe. Through its various activities in education, research, collaboration, and publications, as well as its annual congress ECR, the ESR advances radiology and enhances the role of radiologists in healthcare.

Facts & Figures

156 Mio. research funding secured through EIBIR
European National Member Societies
European Subspecialty and Allied Sciences Member Societies
Associate Institutional Member Societies


The ESR’s mission is to serve the health care needs of the general public through the support of science, teaching and research and the quality of service in the field of radiology.

The society has adopted guiding principles governing its activities and conduct, as well as its interaction with external stakeholders, including industry: Independence. Quality. Objectivity. Transparency.

Call for proposals of candidates for the ESR 2nd Vice-President

A 2nd Vice-President is elected every year for a five-year period of office, holding the position of 2nd Vice-President in the first year, the position of 1st Vice-President in the second year, the position of President in the third year, the position of Chair of the Board of Directors in the fourth year and the position of Past-President in the fifth year of office. Re-election will not be possible. In accordance with the ESR Statutes, ESR full members may propose individuals for this position.

Open until October 30, 2023

Executive Council

Board of Directors & Committee Chairs
Adrian P. Brady
Chair of the ESR Board of Directors
Adrian P. Brady, Cork/IE
Chair of the ESR Board of Directors

Adrian Brady is a consultant radiologist at the Mercy University Hospital, Cork, and a Clinical Professor of Radiology in University College Cork, Ireland. with particular interests in interventional radiology and abdominal (GI and GU) imaging.

After medical school and radiology training in Dublin, he moved to Canada for fellowship training in Hamilton, Ontario, before becoming a staff radiologist in Toronto. In 1995 he moved to his present post in Cork.

Prof. Brady is also Medical Director of the National Centre for Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) in Ireland and has a particular interest and expertise in the management of pulmonary AVMs. He has served in many posts within the Irish National Radiology Society (which also runs nationwide specialist radiology training) - the Faculty of Radiologists of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland - having been Dean (President) of the Faculty from 2010 to 2012. He has been involved in ESR activities for many years, chaired the ESR Quality Safety & Standards Committee from 2017 to 2020, and is currently Chair of the ESR Board of Directors.

Prof. Brady has published and spoken widely in recent years on professional issues, including radiologists' workload, errors and discrepancies in radiology, radiology reporting style and structure, value-based imaging, and artificial intelligence in radiology (with a particular emphasis on ethics). He has also served as co-lead of ESR-led European Commission funded projects on Clinical Audit and Workforce Planning in radiology.

Carlo Catalano
ECR 2024 Programme Planning Committee Chairperson
Carlo Catalano, Rome/IT
President | ECR 2024 Programme Planning Committee Chairperson

Carlo Catalano is Chairman of the Department of Radiology at Policlinico Umberto I, Professor of Radiology at Sapienza University of Rome, and Chair of the Radiology Training Programme of Radiology.

Professor Catalano is a co-founder of STITCH (Sapienza information-based Technology Innovation Center for Health) and the European Working Group on MR-guided FUS. His main clinical and research interests are cardiovascular imaging, oncologic imaging, specifically abdominal and genitourinary diseases, and interventional radiology, primarily in image-guided therapy. He was among the first users of MR angiography and, more recently, of MR-guided interventions.

As an educator, Professor Catalano has been Chair of the Radiology Training Program at Sapienza, the largest in Italy, for more than ten years. He is currently ESR President and a board member of several of the most prestigious radiological journals and a member of numerous societies, having been President of the Italian Society of Cardiac Radiology, a member and treasurer of the Executive Committee of the ESCR (European Society for Cardiac Radiology), and currently on the board of the Italian Society of Radiology representing international relationships.

Andrea G. Rockall
1st Vice-President & ECR 2025 Programme Planning Committee Chairperson
Andrea G. Rockall, London/UK
ESR 1st Vice-President | ECR 2025 Programme Planning Committee Chairperson

Andrea Rockall graduated from King's College London Medical School, London, in 1990 and trained in radiology at St Mary's Hospital and University College Hospital, London. She was awarded the Rohan Williams Medal (Gold Medal) for the FRCR examination. In 2000, she was appointed as Senior Lecturer in Diagnostic Imaging at Queen Mary University London and Honorary Consultant Radiologist at Barts and The London NHS Trust.

Following appointments at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust and the Royal Marsden Hospital, Professor Rockall was appointed as Clinical Chair of Radiology, Imperial College London, in April 2018. She is currently ESR 1st Vice President.

Professor Rockall's special interests are in genitourinary cancer, image-based clinical trials, and machine-learning applications in radiology. She is Chief Investigator of the CRUK MAPPING trial, the NIHR trials MALIBO, MALIMAR (machine learning studies), and the NIHR MROC study (multicenter UK trial in ovarian cancer). She contributes widely to undergraduate, postgraduate, and specialist radiology education.

Minerva Becker
2nd Vice-President
Minerva Becker, Geneva/CH
2nd Vice-President

Minerva Becker is Professor of Radiology and Head of the Imaging Unit of Head and Neck and Maxillofacial Radiology, Diagnostic Department, at the University Hospitals of Geneva.

Professor Becker’s clinical expertise and main fields of research include head and neck and maxillo-facial imaging. Her track record is mainly in head and neck oncology research including hybrid and multiparametric imaging, and texture analysis towards a personalized treatment approach. Further research fields include imaging of the salivary glands, orbit, and skull base.

Professor Becker has received over 30 international and national scientific awards and prizes and has obtained several research grants supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation. She is the author of over 200 scientific publications and is a co-editor of Valvassouri's Head and Neck Imaging. She is a reviewer for numerous international scientific journals and participates equally as an external expert in international and national juries for university nominations and promotions.

Professor Becker is an enthusiastic teacher with over 350 invited lectures at international and national meetings and was awarded the 2015 ESOR Best Teacher Award. As Chair of the Education Committee of the European Society of Head and Neck Radiology (ESHNR), she oversaw the European training curriculum and subspecialty diploma in head and neck radiology. She is the Past-President of the ESHNR and an honorary member of the European Laryngological Society.

Between March 2021 and July 2023, Professor Becker served as Chair of the Education Committee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR).

Regina G.H. Beets-Tan
Regina G.H. Beets-Tan, Amsterdam/NL

Professor Regina Beets-Tan, MD, PhD, is Chair of the Department of Radiology at The Netherlands Cancer Institute in Amsterdam. Her clinical expertise is in abdominal and oncologic imaging. Her research track record is in oncologic imaging including interventional oncology and artificial intelligence. Professor Beets-Tan is the current ESR Past-President. As president of various societies, including the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology in 2019 and the European Society of Oncologic Imaging in 2017, she has instigated a collaboration between radiological and other medical organisations because she believes that a multidisciplinary team approach to treatment is the key to better patient outcomes. As President of the European Congress of Radiology 2022, she aimed to give a multidisciplinary platform to professionals to ‘build bridges’ and connect in science and education. With her leadership in Radiology she is the spar in strategic panels as demonstrated by her appointment by the European commission as member of the 2019 EU Mission Board for cancer and in 2018 as member of the Board of the European Cancer organization. Professor Beets-Tan is a member of several editorial boards, has (co)authored over 400 publications, and delivered over 600 lectures in radiological and medical society meetings. She takes part in research councils of the Dutch Organisation of Science and the Dutch Cancer Society. She has received several scientific and teaching awards, including the 2013 ESOR Best Teacher Award, the 2019 Aunt Minnie best educator award and the ISMRM Outstanding Teacher Award in 2008, 2009, and 2014.

Marie-Pierre Revel
Communication and External Affairs Committee Chairperson
Marie-Pierre Revel, Paris/FR
Communication and External Affairs Committee Chairperson

Marie-pierre Revel is Professor and Chairperson of the Department of Radiology, Cochin Hospital Paris Cité University, Paris, France.

Professor Revel's main clinical and research interests are thoracic imaging and oncology imaging, more specifically lung cancer and its screening, thromboembolic disease, particularly pulmonary embolism in the context of pregnancy and postpartum, and the applications of artificial intelligence in thoracic imaging. In France, she coordinates the CASCADE study (Lung Cancer Screening in French women using low-dose CT and Artificial intelligence for DEtection) and is responsible for improving knowledge and female participation in lung cancer screening within the SOLACE consortium, funded by the EU4health program.

Professor Revel was president of the European Society of Thoracic Imaging (ESTI) in 2019. She was made an honorary member of ESTI at the Oxford Congress in 2022. She chairs the society's Lung Cancer Screening Committee. She is also a member of the French Society of Radiology and of the Fleischner society.

Professor Revel is an enthusiastic teacher who has given over 300 invited lectures at national and international conferences. She is a member of the ESOR Steering Committee. She received the EuroMinnies 2023 Most Effective Radiology Educator Award at ECR 2023, and will receive the Korean Society of Radiology -Honorary Educator Award at the 79th Korean Congress of Radiology (KCR 2023), in Seoul in September 2023.

She has been an ECR faculty member since 2011, and has served as a member or chair of the ECR Chest Subcommittee and the ECR Program Planning Committee.

Professor Revel is a section editor for the European Journal of Radiology and serves as a reviewer for numerous journals. She is the author of over 160 scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals (index H 40).

Annemiek Snoeckx
Education Committee Chairperson
Annemiek Snoeckx, Antwerp/BE
Education Committee Chairperson

Annemiek Snoeckx is Associate Professor at the University of Antwerp and Chair of the Radiology Department of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium. She graduated as medical doctor in 2003 at the University of Antwerp. She is a board certified radiologist since 2008 and has been working since then at the University Hospital of Antwerp.

Her clinical and research interests are in the field of chest imaging, in particular thoracic oncology (in general), lung cancer, pulmonary nodules, lung cancer screening and implementation of artificial intelligence.

She is an active member of numerous committees within the European Society of Radiology, European Society of Thoracic Imaging and European Respiratory Society. She served as member of the Chest Subcommittee of the European Congress of Radiology in 2017, 2018 and, 2019 and was part of the Programme Planning Committee for ECR 2023 and 2024.

In the field of education, she has been member (2019-2021, 2023-2026) and chairperson (2020-2023) of the ESTI Training and Educational Committee. She is team leader of the Chest Radiology Written Evaluation Committee for the European Diploma in Radiology (EDIR) since 2020. She is academic coordinator of the radiology residency programme at the University of Antwerp.

Annemiek is passionate about education on thoracic oncology topics. She authored or co- authored 80+ papers in peer-reviewed journals and has lectured at many national and international meetings and courses.

Maija Radziņa
Finance and Internal Affairs Committee Chairperson
Maija Radziņa, Riga/LV
Finance and Internal Affairs Committee Chairperson

Maija Radziņa is Associate Professor of University of Latvia, Program director of Radiology Residency training program and Radiology study programms and Leading Researcher in Riga Stradins university as Chief of Radiology Research Laboratory in Latvia. She has served as President of Latvian Radiology Association (LRA) president (2015-2023) and currently acts as Vice-President of Latvian Radiology and Ultrasound Societies and has been appointed as Chief specialist in Radiology for Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia.

Dr Radziņa is especially interested and active in postgraduate education in her home country and throughout Europe. Additionally, Maija Radzina is involved in Program Planning Committee of the European Congress of Radiology (ECR) in 2023 and 2024.

She chaired the European Federation of Ultrasound Societies in medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) Education and Professional Standards Committee (EPSC) 2019-2021 and Executive Board Co-opted member 2021-2023 and serves as UEMS Radiology Section member (since 2018) and has been involved in the Steering Committee of the European School of Radiology (ESOR), and served as Chairman of the Board Examination in Radiology in Latvia. In addition, she acted as a member of RSNA Regional Committee for Europe (2015-2022) and RSNA Science Council and QIBA task force group member (since 2022).

Currently she isinvolved as Member at Large in ESGAR Executive Commitee (since 2021) and CERN Medicis Board member (since 2018).

The main focus of Dr Maija Radziņa clinical and scientific work includes Abdominal and Oncology imaging and Vascular examinations. She has dedicated her research for various pathologies, including Stroke imaging and CT perfusion, PET/CT and MRI of Prostate, Colorectal and Renal cancer and her speciality is Ultrasound - Contrast enhanced ultrasound of Abdominal and Superficial organs (Thyroid, Parathyroid) as well as Musculoskeletal imaging (Peripheral nerves), and US Elastography. She has given more than 200 invited lectures, authored and co-authored more than 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals, and authored several book chapters. Her contribution to the professional guidelines and position papers (EFSUMB, ESR) and organization of international congresses (BCR, EUROSON) has been well recognized by the radiology community.

Christian Loewe
ESR National Societies Committee Chairperson
Christian Loewe, Vienna/AT
ESR National Societies Committee Chairperson

Dr Christian Loewe is Chairman of the Division of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Bioimaging and Image-Guided Therapy, at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria. He also currently chairs the Guidelines Committee of the European Society of Cardiovascular Radiology (ESCR). Additionally, Christian Loewe is President-Elect of the Austrian Rontgen Society and was Chairman of the Program Planning Committee of the European Congress of Radiology (ECR) in 2019 and 2021 and Program Director of the ESR Summer Edition in 2021. He is also Chairperson of the National Society Committee at ESR for the period 2022 – 2025.

Dr Loewe is especially interested and active in postgraduate education in his home country and throughout Europe. He chaired the European Board of Cardiovascular Radiology (EBCR) for six years and was responsible for the European Diploma in Cardiovascular Radiology. He serves as a member of the Steering Committee of the European School of Radiology (ESOR), and he is Chairman of the Austrian Board Examination in Radiology.

Dr Loewe was a member of the Editorial Board of European Radiology from 2002 to 2011, Associate Editor of Radiology from 2011 to 2017, and is currently Consultant to the Editor. Since 2020, he has also been Deputy Editor of Insights into Imaging (I3).

The main focus of Dr Loewe's clinical and scientific work includes non-invasive cardiovascular imaging (CT and MRI of the heart, CT angiography, and MR angiography) and diagnosis and treatment of aortic diseases. He has given more than 350 invited lectures, authored and co-authored more than 150 articles in peer-reviewed journals, and authored five book chapters.

Marc Dewey
Publications Committee Chairperson
Marc Dewey, Berlin/DE
Publications Committee Chairperson

Marc Dewey is Heisenberg Professor of the German Research Foundation and Vice-Chair of Radiology at Charité, Universitätsmedizin, Berlin.

Professor Dewey's primary research interest is cardiovascular imaging. He coordinates the Pan-European randomized DISCHARGE trial published in NEJM, the COME-CCT consortium, and the Quantitative Cardiac Imaging Study Group.

He was the first radiologist to be appointed Heisenberg Professor at the German Research Foundation (DFG) in 2012. Marc Dewey is editor of the textbook Cardiac CT published by SpringerNature and is consultant to the editor of Radiology. His team has more than 230 publications with an impact factor of more than 1,400 and his h-index is more than 50 (more details here).

He has received the two highest scientific awards of the German Röntgen Society (DRG): the Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Award in 2009 and the Marie Curie Ring in 2012. He was secretary of congress of the DRG in 2010 and president of the Berlin-Brandenburg Radiological Society from 2011 to 2013, when he introduced the Gustav Bucky Award to recognize a German radiologist who pioneered x-ray techniques and was forced to leave Germany in 1933.

He initiated the Clinical Trials in Radiology sessions at ECR 2015 and the "My Thesis in 3 minutes" sessions together with Dr. Marc Zins in 2018. Marc Dewey served as chair of the European Society of Radiology (ESR) scientific program committee from 2019 to 2020, and is member of the ESR Executive Council from 2019-2025: first as Research Committee Chair from 2019 to 2022 and from 2022 until 2025 as ESR Publications Committee Chair with a focus on intensifying the collaboration between subspecialties and national societies.

At ECR 2018, Marc Dewey presented the Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Honorary Lecture, "Value-based radiology: the future is now!" which was published as a summary in The Lancet in the same year and in full in Nature Digital Medicine in 2019.

You can read more about his research activities on his group website.

Emanuele Neri
Quality, Safety and Standards Committee Chairperson
Emanuele Neri, Pisa/IT
Quality, Safety and Standards Committee Chairperson

Dr. Emanuele Neri is full Professor of Radiology at the University of Pisa, Italy, Dean of the Medical School, Chair of the Department of Radiology and of the Radiology Residency program. His major research interests are Imaging informatics and Oncologic imaging with special interest on the development of imaging biomarkers, imaging biobanks and artificial intelligence.

Dr. Neri is member of the Italian Society of Medical and Interventional Radiology (SIRM) and delegate for international affairs, of the European Society of Radiology (ESR), where he served in several committees and subcommittees, especially in the Quality, safety and standards as chair of the eHealth and informatics. He is member of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) where he served as member of the Radiology Informatics Committee.

Dr. Neri is President of the European Society of Oncologic Imaging (ESOI), and Past President, Honorary member and founder of the European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII).

He is local investigator of several EU-funded research projects with special focus on image processing, development of imaging biomarkers, imaging biobanks and artificial intelligence: EUCAIM (European Federation for Cancer Images), EucanImage (Towards a European cancer imaging platform for enhanced Artificial Intelligence in oncology), CHAIMELEON (Accelerating the lab to market transition of AI tools for cancer management), Procancer-I (An AI Platform integrating imaging data and models, supporting precision care through prostate cancer’s continuum), PRIMAGE (PRedictive In-silico Multiscale Analytics to support cancer personalized diaGnosis and prognosis, Empowered by imaging biomarkers).

Dr. Neri is consultant to the editor of the journal Radiology artificial intelligence, member of the scientific editorial board of La Radiologia Medica and European Radiology experimental, Associate editor of Future Oncology.

Marion Smits
Research Committee Chairperson
Marion Smits, Rotterdam/NL
Research Committee Chairperson

Marion Smits is full professor and chief of neuroradiology at Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, in the Netherlands. She is senior fellow of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM), fellow of the European Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biology (ESMRMB), and honorary member of the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR). In 2021, AuntMinnie Europe declared Professor Smits Most Influential Researcher in Radiology.

Professor Smits combines clinical work as a neuro- and head & neck radiologist with scientific research into applied physiological MR neuroimaging, such as functional MRI, diffusion, and perfusion imaging. She uses these techniques to visualise the brain's function and microarchitecture and to study the pathophysiological and regenerative processes in various neurological diseases. Her primary focus is neuro-oncology.

Professor Smits actively participates in key national and international organisations. She is chair of Research & International Relations on the board of the Radiological Society of the Netherlands (NVvR) and chair of the Brain Tumour Group imaging committee at the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). She was chair of the Publications committee at ESR 2019-2022 and President of the ESMRMB in 2020. She uses this unique combination of affiliations to establish productive connections between relevant clinical research questions and implement scientific innovation in clinical practice while disseminating knowledge and expertise through her numerous teaching activities.

Núria Bargalló
Subspecialities and Allied Sciences Committee Chairperson
Núria Bargalló, Barcelona/ES
Subspecialities and Allied Sciences Committee Chairperson

Núria Bargalló graduated from Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona in 1988 and was trained in radiology in the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona. She obtained her PhD in 2004 at the University of Barcelona. Currently is head of the Neuroradiology section of the Radiology Department at the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Associated Professor at the University of Barcelona and Strategic Director of the Magnetic resonance Image Core Facility of the Research Institute IDIBAPS in Barcelona.

She has been very participative in scientific societies. She is the president of the Spanish Society of Neuroradiology and the chair of the Subspecialities and Allied Sciences Committee of the ESR.

Professor Bargalló's field of expertise is advanced neuroimage in epilepsy, degenerative disease, and psychiatry. She has led several research studies on clinical application of advanced MR technique sequences and post-processing. She participates in international consortiums to increase image data on psychiatric diseases and epilepsy (ENIGMA and MELD). She participates in numerous national and international education activities, disseminating her knowledge in Neuroradiology.

Valérie Vilgrain
Scientific Director of the European School of Radiology (ESOR)
Valérie Vilgrain, Paris/FR
Scientific Director of the European School of Radiology (ESOR)

Dr. Valérie Vilgrain is Chair of the Department of Radiology at the University Beaujon Hospital and Professor of Radiology at the University of Paris Cité, France. Her major research interests are diagnostic and interventional imaging of the liver, pancreas and bile ducts.

Dr. Vilgrain is member of several international and national societies, such as ESR (European Society of Radiology), RSNA (Radiological Society of North America), ESGAR (European Society of Gastro Abdominal Radiology), EASL (European Association for the Study of Liver), SFR (French Radiological Society), and International Society for Strategic Studies in Radiology (IS3R). She was chairman of the Education Program Committee of the SFR annual meeting from 2000-2008 and has been Vice-Chairman of the French Society from 2010 to 2014. She chaired the RSNA Regional Committee for Europe (2015-2018). She is member of ESGAR Executive committee and she is the Scientific Director of ESOR (European School of Radiology) since March 2018. 

Dr. Vilgrain has published more than 500 peer-reviewed papers (H-Number: 78) and has been a principal investigator of several large multicenter clinical trials, including the SARAH trial. Since 2012 she has participated to many European guidelines: liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma, management of patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases, management of benign liver tumours, management of hepatocellular carcinoma, consensus statement on liver MR imaging and clinical use of liver-specific contrast agents, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and cystic liver lesions.

She has served on the Editorial Board of Radiology (Associate Editor 2007-2012, Consultant to the Editor 2012-2017), and she is currently on the Editorial Board of Abdominal Radiology. She is a reviewer for several radiological journals: Radiology, European Radiology, AJR, European Journal of Radiology, and clinical journals: Gut, Hepatology, Journal of Hepatology, Liver Transplantation, and European Journal of Cancer.

Peter Baierl
Executive Director
Peter Baierl
Executive Director


See the visual representation of the European Society of Radiology’s structure.

ESR Committees &
Statutes and more

Learn more about the eleven committees and subcommittees of the ESR, member societies, our conduct policy and our statues here →

ESR Member Societies

All of our 47 National Societies, 15 Subspecialty and Allied Sciences Societies and 55 Associate Institutional Member Societies in one place here →

Annual Report

Download ESR’s annual report here →

Become A Member Today!

You will have access to a wide range of benefits that can help you advance your career and stay up-to-date with the latest developments in the field of radiology. These benefits include access to educational resources, networking opportunities with other professionals in the field, opportunities to participate in research projects and clinical trials, and access to the latest technologies and techniques. 

Check out our different membership options.

If you don’t find a fitting membership send us an email here.


for radiologists, radiology residents, professionals of allied sciences (including radiographers/radiological technologists, nuclear medicine physicians, medical physicists, and data scientists) & professionals of allied sciences in training residing within the boundaries of Europe

  • Reduced registration fees for ECR 1
  • Reduced fees for the European School of Radiology (ESOR) 2
  • Exclusive option to participate in the European Diploma. 3
  • Free electronic access to the journal European Radiology 4
  • Content e-mails for all ESR journals
  • Updates on offers & events through our newsletters

€ 11 /year

Yes! That is less than €1 per month.

Free membership

for radiologists, radiology residents or professionals of allied sciences engaged in practice, teaching or research residing outside Europe as well as individual qualified professionals with an interest in radiology and medical imaging who do not fulfil individual or all requirements for any other ESR membership category & former full members who have retired from all clinical practice
  • Reduced registration fees for ECR 1
  • Free electronic access to the journal European Radiology
  • Content e-mails for all 3 ESR journals 4
  • Updates on offers & events through our newsletters

€ 0

The best things in life are free.

ESR Friends

For students, company representatives or hospital managers etc.

  • Content e-mails for all 3 ESR journals 4
  • Updates on offers & events through our newsletters

€ 0

Friendship doesn’t cost a thing.

The membership type best fitting for you will be selected automatically during the application process.


Provided that ESR 2023 membership is activated and approved by August 31, 2023 (excl. "Members in Training Offer")
Not all activities included
Examination based on the ESR European Training Curriculum (radiologists or radiology residents).
European Radiology, Insights into Imaging, European Radiology Experimental.